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Santa Maria California City History

Before the Spanish explorers and settlers came to the Santa Maria Valley, it was a stretch of sagebrush, deer, bears and rabbits stretching from the Santa Lucia Mountains toward the Pacific Ocean. The Chumash Indians made their homes on the slopes of the surrounding hills among the oaks and sycamores where there was more moisture and shelter, and along the beach areas. In 1769, the Portola exploration party came through the Santa Maria Valley on its trek up the coast of California to find the Monterey Bay.

The Santa Maria Valley saw oil exploration begin in 1888, leading to large-scale discoveries around the turn of the century. In 1901, William Orcutt urged his company (Union Oil) to move forward by leasing more than 70,000 acres within a year. Soon, Union Oil and a number of smaller companies were pumping for oil. By the end of 1903, Union Oil, the major player in the region, had 22 wells in production. Several significant discoveries followed, including the Orcutt and Cat Canyon fields in 1904 and 1908, respectively. Union Oil's Hartnell Well No. 1 (known as Old Maud) struck a large oil-bearing reservoir in the Orcutt field in late 1904 and reportedly produced one million barrels of oil in its first 100 days of operation.

Faced with the need to provide local governance to the rapidly growing population attracted to the Valley due to the discovery of oil, Santa Maria incorporated as a general law city in 1905.

Real Estate, Chamber of Commerce, Historical Tourism Current Weather Report

Raleigh North Carolina City History

Created as a planned city in 1792, the area we now know as Raleigh, North Carolina had a handful of sparse settlements as early as the 1760s. Enterprising landholders like Isaac Hunter and Joel Lane owned large tracts of farmland and operated taverns and ordinaries near their homes to accommodate travelers along the main north-south route cutting through central North Carolina. Called Wake Crossroads, this primitive outpost provided a foundation for Raleigh's future development. By the late 1780s, North Carolina's general assembly recognized a need for a permanent location to conduct state government. Prior to this time, the state's seat of government had been hosted by several existing cities. Rather than select one of these communities, the legislature decided to build a new city that was more centrally located within the state. Eight commissioners were appointed to choose the new capital's location. On March 30, 1792, the commissioners purchased 1,000 acres from Wake County landowner Joel Lane and a city plan was quickly developed.

The city of Raleigh grew slowly, with state government initially its primary focus. The opening of the original State House in 1794 provided not only a physical location for governmental business but also a center for the community's social life. Over time inns, taverns, dry-goods stores, coffin houses and brickyards were established to support the burgeoning capital city. Until the Civil War these businesses catered mostly to retail customers, providing both services and basic needs. Fayetteville Street quickly became Raleigh's commercial core as storefronts began to replace residences along the blocks south of the State Capitol. In addition to downtown commerce, a handful of mills and new ventures, like the Raleigh & Gaston Railroad, completed the composition of early Raleigh.

Raleigh emerged from the Civil War unscathed physically and a new era unfolded. Although there was an effort to establish a manufacturing base in Raleigh with cotton mills and other industries, Raleigh did not develop into a manufacturing mecca. Retail, however, flourished and a plethora of family-owned businesses dominated the downtown district. 19th century Raleigh witnessed a wave of publishing enterprises as newspapers, printers and bookbinders became an important means of communication and advertising. As the century progressed and the industrial revolution brought new technology to Raleigh, innovations like the Raleigh Street Railway, the Raleigh Waterworks and electric lights on Fayetteville Street fundamentally altered the city's way of life.

Tourism Current Weather Report

If you are planning to spend treasured vacations with your kids or with your friends, places that will pop out of your mind are Newport Beaches and Balboa Islands and many others in Newport. For sure you will be looking for an ambiance that is relaxing and something psychologically remedial. During summer, nothing can ever turn down the idea of having a stroll to beaches. The sound of the water and other natural world are soothing to the ear and carries a reliving factor. In California, there are many beautiful places that you may visit or where you can reside. Newport Beach is a great city to visit and play in. Beautiful Seaside Vacation Rentals With Views of Newport Beaches - These are beautiful, modern homes on an ocean and beachfront compound. Source: http://www.financial-authors.com/

Newport Beach California City History

When Capitain Samuel S. Dunnells successfully steered his 105-ton river steamer Vaquero through upper Newport Bay in 1870, James and Robert McFadden rushed from Northern California by stagecoach to mark the inaugural voyage. Dunnells' trip cast new light on the bay, which many had said was too treacherous for travel. But the principal landowners in the area - the McFadden brothers and James Irvine - throught they had something after Dunnells' trip. A "new port," they mused, and the name stuck, according to the Newport Beach Historical Society.

Organizations and Government Offices

2001 Registered Voters

Republican

32,303

Democratic 10,329
Independent 886
Green 253
Libertarian 353
Natural Law 133
Reform 226
Misc. 129
Decline To State 6,410
Total: 51,022
2000 Racial and Ethinic Population

Number

%

White  

64,331

85.0%

Hispanic   

3,413

4.5%

Asian & Pacific Islander

3,362

4.4%

Black

366

0.5%

All Other Races

1,252

1.7%

NA(*)

2938 3.9%

Total Population:

75,662

100.0%

* Segment of population not counted as part of Newport Coast in Census2000 counts